The following is a step-by-step description of a typical Letter of
1. An Importer (Buyer) and Exporter (Seller) agree on a purchase and sale
of goods where payment is made by Letter of Credit.
2. The Importer completes an application requesting its bank (Issuing
Bank) to issue a Letter of Credit in favour of the Exporter. Note that the
Importer must have a line of credit with the Issuing Bank in order to
request that a Letter of Credit be issued.
3. The Issuing Bank issues the Letter of Credit and sends it to the Advising
Bank by telecommunication or registered mail in accordance with the
Importer’s instructions. A request may be included for the Advising
Bank to add its confirmation (See page 24 for more information on
Letter of Credit confirmation). The Advising Bank is typically located in
the country where the Exporter carries on business and may be the
Exporter’s bank but it does not have be.
4. The Advising Bank will verify the Letter of Credit for authenticity and
send a copy to the Exporter.
5. The Exporter examines the Letter of Credit to ensure:
a) it corresponds to the terms and conditions in the purchase and
b) documents stipulated in the Letter of Credit can be produced; and
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